History of Thalidomide

1954

Thalidomide is created by Chemie Grunenthal, a German pharmaceutical company.

1956   

25 December: The first Thalidomide-affected baby is born in Germany on to a Chemie Grunenthal employee.

1958   

In April, Thalidomide is licensed for distribution in the UK, by Distillers Company (Biochemicals) Ltd (‘Distillers’), under the brand name Distaval.  The sedative was promoted as a ‘wonder drug’ to treat a range of conditions including headaches, insomnia and morning sickness in pregnant women – adverts emphasised the drug’s safety using phrases such as ‘non-toxic’ and ‘no known toxicity’.

1961   

A letter is published in The Lancet from an Australian doctor, William McBride, for the first time publicly making the link between Thalidomide and birth defects.

26 November

The drug is formally withdrawn by Chemie Grunenthal in Germany.

2 December

Distillers, the UK distributor, follows suit.

1962   

The Thalidomide Society is established in the UK by a group of parents of babies affected by Thalidomide. Writs are issues by families of 62 Thalidomide-affected babies born in the UK  (within months of the deadline of 3 years from conception) to secure compensation

1968   

A sum equivalent to 40% of assessed damages is awarded to the 62 Thalidomide-affected children from Distillers – the result of an initial (infant) settlement, following a legal battle led by their families with little or no media support. Chemie Grunenthal is brought to trial in Germany charged with intent to commit bodily harm and involuntary manslaughter.

1970   

The trial against Chemie Grunenthal is brought to a premature end by the German government stating that the trial was ‘not in the public interest’.

1972   

A Sunday Times-led campaign is launched in the UK to secure a substantial level of compensation for Thalidomide-affected children in the UK.

1973   

Building on the 1968 settlement, a final settlement is agreed by Distillers. This includes a lump-sum payment for a further 367 children affected by Thalidomide in the UK (on the same basis as the initial 62) together with the establishment of the  Thalidomide Trust (into which Distillers paid £20 million) to provide ‘support and assistance’ – including annual grants – to all Thalidomide survivors.

2004   

Following a campaign led by the Thalidomide Trust’s National Advisory Council (NAC), in July the Government announces that compensation payments made to UK Thalidomide survivors will be tax-free.

2005   

Diageo – formed in 1997 by a merger between Grand Metropolitan and Guinness (who took over Distillers in 1990) – agrees an increased financial settlement with the Thalidomide Trust.

2010   

In January the UK Government announces that it will provide a Health Grant to all Thalidomide survivors in the UK to help meet the increased health needs caused by their Thalidomide damage, initially for a three year pilot period.

2012   

The Health Departments in all four nations of the UK agree to pay the Health Grant for a ten year period until 2022.